Includes information on signs and symptoms and impact of strangulation, and online training resources. A single-page downloadable fact sheet emphasises:
The Best Practice Principles are applicable in all cases involving family violence or child abuse (or the risk of either) in proceedings before courts exercising jurisdiction under the Family Law Act 1975 (Cmth), and provide useful background information for decision makers, legal practitioners and individuals involved in these cases including an explanation of the definition of ‘family violence’ and ‘abuse’ under the Family Law Act and the different types of violence and abuse.
The Best Practice Principles recognise:
Section C deals with the interim hearing stage and introduces the 'PPP' screening tool as a useful mechanism in the assessment of risk. This screening tool analyses risk by reference to three factors: the potency (of violence), pattern (of violence and coercive control) and primary perpetrator indicators (PPP). The screening tool is not a predictive device but does give a useful framework of factors to look for when considering the risk of family violence.
Australian Capital Territory does not have a formal risk screening tool.
Northern Territory Police, Family Safety Framework. See the ‘Form’ and ‘Practice Manual’.
Queensland Police, ‘Chapter 9: Domestic Violence’ in Operational Procedures Manual (Issue 48, August 2015), Appendix 9.1 ‘Domestic Violence Protective Assessment Framework’.
The ‘SAPOL Domestic Violence Risk Assessment Form’ appears to be an internal working document. However, other agencies use a form based off the SA Police. An overview and copy of the assessment is available at:
Explains the risk assessment tool used in Tasmania to understand risk in domestic violence cases. Evaluates the success of this system. Importantly, notes risk factors in a number of categories. Looks at the issue from a law enforcement perspective. Makes a distinction between high risk factors generally and high risk factors for re-offending (p 4).Identifies consensus in literature that, ‘important risk factors include: a history of violent behaviour; a history of physical, sexual or emotional abuse toward the partner; access to lethal weapons; antisocial behaviour and attitudes; relationship instability (recent divorce or separation); lifestyle stressors (employment, finances); history of family violence from family of orientation; mental health issues or personality disorder; resistance to change; and, attitudes that support violence toward women’ (p25). RAST data also indicates some correlation between firearms and increased risk assessment scores (p21).
This document has been produced in a human services context. Therefore, when approaches to risk assessment are addressed (p 19), it is not from a judicial perspective. Of particular importance are the conclusions drawn on page 20. The authors note, “In the context of family violence, it is critical that the work of professionals recognises and respects that women and children already have their own knowledge and methods to identify, analyse and evaluate risk. Research has found that victims are often good predictors of their own level of risk so their perspectives must be included in the process of assessing risk.”
Figure 5 (pp27-9) includes risk factors that affect the likelihood and severity of family violence, including suicide. Importantly, the authors make a distinction between these factors, and factors affecting risk of ongoing and continued violence (p 30). This distinction is lacking in much of the other literature. The authors favour a standardised approach to risk assessment. They note the elements of such an approach as “victim’s assessment of risk, evidence-based risk factors, and professional judgement” (Figure 6, p 44).See also: Victoria Police, Code of Practice For the Investigation of Family Violence (3rd ed, 2017), 27.
Department for Child Protection (WA), The Western Australian Family and Domestic Violence Common Risk Assessment and Risk Management Framework (2011) 9; Appendices.
This checklist was implemented across all police services in the UK from March 2009. It aims to turn a reactive response to domestic violence, ‘it’s just a domestic,’ into a proactive ‘you must ask’ questions approach. It provides police services and other partner agencies with a common checklist for identifying, assessing and managing risk.
Who is the DASH for ?
‘The DASH is for all professionals working with victims of domestic abuse, stalking and harassment and honour based violence’.